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CONFEDERATIONS.                                257

vided with all necessary powers for carrying the country
through a most fearful contest. But it taught also, that prin-
ciples of allegiance to government are not measured by inter-
ests or by hope and fear simply, that such dangers as were
then brought on us are met by what ordinary politicians do
not feel and do not understand. A constitution is something
good in itself, but the possibility that under it the best feel-
ings may be ready to appear when they are needed, is some-
thing better. Here we go beyond the line of political thought
into a region which some politicians hardly visit.
As for new possibilities of disintegration, we cannot deny
Danger of dism- them, nor can we tell what new tendencies may
tegration.             appear in the system, when the states already

large in number shall become still more numerous. But the
late attempts at separation have shown an unexpected strength
in the regard for the constitution and the determination to
uphold it. The great cause of division, slavery, being re-
moved, the combinations against the present order of things
among contiguous states can never arrange themselves with
so much advantage again. And there is a cause for keeping
the states together which nowhere else, it would seem, has
had so much efficacy. The east cannot flourish without the
west, nor that without the east. The mouth of the Missis-
sippi can never be left in the hands of a power which could
oppose the inland states for which that greater river is the
outlet. The states on the Pacific have no motive to live by
themselves, nor could they seek a divorce from the eastern
seaboard and from Europe. Family ties, especially on east-
ern and western lines, bind the country together. It seems
as if the country had been made on purpose to be one.

The rise and destiny of the leading confederations that
General remarks have appeared in the world's history show that
on confederations.      they haye begun jn ^ interests Qf mutual prO-
tection, and are not held together without difficulty.    They
are not a stage through which a nation passes by natural de-